Services provided for victims of human trafficking

Support and assistance for victims of human trafficking are a central element in Danish efforts.

Mobile sundhedstilbud på massageklinikVictims of human trafficking can be affected physically and mentally by the exploitation they have been exposed to.

In accordance with the National Action Plan against human trafficking, victims are offered a reflection and recovery period for 30 days. The purpose of this period is to help victims leave the relation from where the exploitation has taken place and to recovery from this. The period can be extended with 120 days if the victim collaborates in the planning and preparation for a voluntary repatriation.

 

Victims of human trafficking are offered a contact person who will inform the victim of relevant services. The contact person will also help coordinate the efforts with other relevant actors, such as police and the place of accommodation.

As part of the reflection- and recovery period victims are offered:

  • Suitable accommodation including food
  • Social counseling
  • Medical help
  • Psychological help
  • Legal assistance
  • Educational training. 

 

Furthermore, victims can be assisted in contacting relevant organisations in their home country, if they wish so.

Support and assistance

Prepared repatriation

People who are considered victims of human trafficking by the Danish authorities will be offered a prepared repatriation and reintegration in their home country. The prepared repatriation is intended to provide victims of human trafficking with support and assistance to return to their home country and move on with their lives. In the reflection and recovery period, the repatriation is prepared and an individual reintegration plan is completed and adjusted, to support the needs and wishes of the individual person. Reintegration support is available for six months after the victim has left the country.

The prepared repatriation usually happens in collaboration with a International Organization.

The prepared repatriation does not depend on the victim’s collaboration with the police on investigative matters or witnessing against the traffickers.

The following support can be given in the reintegration period in the home country or country of residence:

  • A monthly payment.
  • Housing assistance.
  • Reintegration support, which can help the victim establish an activity or business that will help generate a permanent income, e.g. the start-up of a hairsalon, kiosk, beekeeping etc.
  • Medical aid if needed.
  • School and education.
  • Supporting access to school for any children of the victim.

Legal assistance

Victims of human trafficking can receive legal assistance through the Danish Centre against Human Trafficking. The assistance can include instructions on legal rights and opportunities, testifying against traffickers and guidelines for applying for compensation. In cases where the victim is charged with a criminal offense, the person is entitled to a defence lawyer.

Health care services

The physical and mental state of a victim of human trafficking can be affected by the journey to Denmark and the exploitation the person has been exposed to. During the reflection and recovery period, victims have access to enhanced health care services. The health care services include the possibility to have a screening for medical needs as well as a medical examination depending on the person’s needs. The Screening and examination involves a conversation about previous illnesses and current symptoms are being addressed.

Beyond the above mentioned health care services, there are other services available to victims of human trafficking.

Drop-in-center in Copenhagen

The Danish Centre against Human Trafficking also runs health and drop-in services for foreign women that are potential victims of human trafficking. The drop-in center has a health clinic with medical staff that includes gynecologist, general practitioners and nurses. The clinic offers free services including:

  • Testing and treatment of sexually transmitted diseases.
  • Instruction in hygiene, how to practice safer behavior in the prostitution environment, and contraception.
  • Pregnancy tests and supplying with contraception.
  • Examination and treatment of general gynecological diseases.
  • Referral and accompanying women to specialists and hospitals e.g. in the case of an abortion. 

Moreover, women can also receive anonymous counselling on legal issues as well as knowledge about the services offered under the National Action Plan to Combat Human Trafficking in Denmark.

Address: Colbjørnsensgade 12, kld., 1652 Copenhagen Opening hours: Monday and Wednesday between 16.00-22.00. Friday between 11.00-16.00

AmiAmi's Counselling and Health Clinic in Fredericia

AmiAmi is an NGO which performs outreach work in massage parlors around Southern Denmark. AmiAmi runs a health clinic in Fredericia which offers:

  • Free and anonymous health care consultations performed by a midwife or doctor.
  • Examination of illnesses, sexually transmitted disease, pregnancy etc. 
  • General health care advise about contraception and how to practice safer behavior in the prostitution environment.
  • Hepatitis B vaccine.
  • Mobile health care services which offers free condoms, tests and health care advise. 

Address: Sjællandsgade 98 B, 7000 Fredericia, Denmark

Opening hours: Tuesday between 17.00-19.00 or by appointment.

The health care service in Aarhus

The Danish Centre against Human Trafficking has staff in Aarhus which among others offers:

  • Testing and treatment for sexually transmitted diseases.
  • Instruction in hygiene, how to practice safer behavior in the prostitution environment and contraception.
  • Pregnancy tests and supplying with contraception.
  • Examination and treatment of general gynecological diseases.
  • Referral and accompanying women to specialists and hospitals e.g. in the case of an abortion, Hepatitis B vaccine and contraception. 

Address: Ryesgade 1, 8000 Aarhus, Denmark

Opening hours: By appointment.

Mobile health care services

The Mobile health care services to potential victims of human trafficking in Denmark are operating in Mid- and Northern Jutland, in the Southern region of Denmark and in Zealand. In Mid- and Northern Jutland and in Zealand, The Danish Centre against Human trafficking are operating the outreach work. The Danish Centre against Human Trafficking has two midwives who reach out to foreigners in massage parlors where they among others:

  • Test potential victims of human trafficking for sexually transmitted diseases.
  • Provide information, advice and referrals to foreigners in prostitution who might be a victim of human trafficking. 

The mobile health care services also aim to inform victims of human trafficking in prostitution about their rights, possibilities and services.

Special services to children and young adults below the age of 18 years old

The National Action Plan to combat human trafficking, the Danish Aliens Act and The Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings ensure a number of services to minors who are victims of human trafficking. Children and young adults below the age of 18 years old, who are victims of human trafficking and reside legally in Denmark, are covered by the Danish Consolidation Act on Social Services.

According to the Danish Consolidation Act on Social Services, local authorities are obliged to monitor all children and young adults in their municipality regardless of their residence status to make sure that children and young adults, who are victims of human trafficking, will receive the right help.

Children, which are identified as victims of human trafficking also, have the right to receive schooling like other children with a compulsory schooling age.

Protection and accommodation to unaccompanied minors who are victims of human trafficking

Children and young adults who are victims of human trafficking is a vulnerable and exposed group which needs special services. Most of the children and young adults who are victims of human trafficking in Denmark are unaccompanied and residing in Denmark on their own.

If an unaccompanied minor resides illegally in Denmark and seek asylum, he or she will most often be placed at a children’s center within the asylum system. Some children and young adults, e.g. boys from North Africa whose behavior is influenced by the rough environment in the streets will be placed in units developed to meet the special needs of this group.

If the unaccompanied minor resides legally in Denmark he or she will be accommodated in a residential institution under the local authority. Occasionally minors are placed in a foster family.

Sidst opdateret 07/05 2020